Anita Solhaug

Cell biologist / Toxicologist, Senior researcher, PhD

Toxinology Research Group
Norwegian Veterinary Institute
Elizabeth Stephansens vei 1
1433 Ås
Tel.: +47/419 30 644

Research interests

Toxicology, with the main focus on cellular in vitro systems and natural toxins. Mammalian in vitro cell systems; cell cultures; primary and cell lines, co-cultures. Fish cell lines; establishment, toxicology. Cell signalling mechanisms; cell death, autophagy, inflammation, differentiation, DNA damage, transport. Methods; cytotoxicity / proliferation kits, Flow cytometry, Western blotting, ELISA, Fluorescence-/ confocal- microscopy, EROD.


Studies in biology and chemistry from Sogn and Fjordane University College and Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway (1994 – 2000). Dr. scient. in Toxicology from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway (2000 – 2005). Post doc in cell biology at Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Oslo, Norway (2005 – 2008). Post doc at the Norwegian Veterinary Institute, Oslo, Norway (2008 – 2015). Senior scientist at the Norwegian Veterinary Institute since 2013.

My favourite quote

All models are wrong, but some are useful. (George Box)

2022 Highlight

  • Received the Norecopa 3R prize together with my colleagues Mona Gjessing and Hilde Sindre.

Ongoing projects

ShellFeed – Risk assessment of algal toxins in new marine feed sources for salmon

PARC – European partnership for the assessment of risks from chemicals

NAMC – North Atlantic Microplastic Centre

ToxANoWa – Toxic microalgae in Norwegian waters. Uncovering fish-killing mechanisms of phytoplankton from Scandinavian waters

MucoProtect – Novel bio-mimicking nanocarriers for oral delivery of mucosal vaccines – protection at the first line of defence

Recent projects

ISAV-RBC – Mechanisms of the bining of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) to erythrocytes

GILLMODEL – Development of an in vitro model to study environmental factors influencing the gill epithelial function (NFR Havbruk 2: 2019-2021)

Bio-DIRECT – Biomarkers and Bioassays for Animal and Fish Research and Diagnostics (SIS 2019-2022)

GutMucus – Effects of Deoxynivalenol, beta-glucan and gliadin on mucus-production and tight junctions in the gut.

FunTox – Fungi and mycotoxins in a one health perspective (SIS 2015-2018)

DONNER – Deoxynivalenol (DON) – Nervous effects reconnaissance (NFR Aurora/Campus France – 2016-2018)

MYCOMIX – Effects of realistic mixtures of mould and mycotoxins on the immune system and assessment of human exposure (NFR 213087).
Toxicological characterization of selected secondary fungal metabolites in Norwegian grain (NFR 185622).